Immigration, Emigration and Overseas Travel: Ships to Australia: 'Brothers' 1836, 'Kinnear' 1836, 'John McLellan' 1838, 'Royal George' 1839

Brothers, Kinnear, John McLellan, Royal George

Under the bounty immigrant scheme, the Macarthurs [of Camden Park] brought out 41 families between April 1837 and March 1839, together with a small number of single men. Six families were vignerons from the valley of the Rhine near Frankfurt, and the rest of the people were southern English. Edward Macarthur (the son of John & Elizabeth Macarthur) was in charge of the English end, which meant finding the people, signing them up and seeing them on to the ships.

The first import, by the ship ' Brothers' removed 15 families and one single man from the north-east corner of Dorset, from the area of Cranborne Chase. During the English Summer of 1836 Edward had begun by making contact with the Rev John West, an evangelical clergyman with experience in Canada, whose parish was at the border of the Chase. Most of the labouring men and women found for Macarthur had 'a general or immediate acquaintance' with each other. Several were brothers, two were sisters, and the evidence suggests other close ties. These original bonds were important because it was the Macarthurs' intention that at Camden the immigrants 'should form the nucleus of a rural community within themselves', relying as far as possible on each other. All were agricultural labourers, except for Samuel Arnold, a wheelwright, who was appointed overseer for the passage.

Seven more English families, also from near Cranborne Chase, arrived by the 'John McLellan' in October 1838. In the following March the 'Royal George' brought the final party (for the time being), 13 families and 3 single men, partly from the same area and partly from around Benenden, near Rye, on the Sussex-Kent border, the backbone of the Weald. This new district had been drawn on through the agency of Thomas Law Hodges, a Macarthur family connection, MP for Kent and principal landlord at Benenden. Both districts, especially the first, had been centres of trouble in 1830-2. Cranborne Chase was a lawless place from time immemorial and its worst parish was Sixpenny Handley, from which many of the Camden people came. At one point during the troubles the magistrates said of Handley that had they fully done their duty they might have arrested 'two-thirds of the labouring population of the district'. Some of the people who arrived by the 'Brothers' did prove difficult, but according to William they were managed with firmness and good temper. Thus the evil habits of their old life were soon 'repressed or reformed'.

Repressing and reforming began on board ship. As with the convicts at Camden, the process depended in the first place on giving the people secure rights and a certain minimal, but uncommonly high, standard of comfort. On the 'Brothers' for instance, the Macarthurs provided every family with a small, individually lighted cabin, 6 feet square, or two cabins in the case of large families, most of the room in each being taken up with matresses of twill or sacking, bolsters, blankets and cotton counterpanes. Each individual had his or her own tin pan and prringer, and in each cabin there was a green-painted slop-pail and cover, hook pots, a mess dish, a tea cannister, a sugar box, iron spoons, a mess kit for washing and a haversack. A printed ration list was hung up between decks for general information, and the food was to be provided to the people already cooked. The people were also promised that they were to have nothing to do with ordinary shipboard duties, and they were to be excmpt from the painful ritual usually suffered by ships' passengers on first crossing the Line. As well, every family on the vessel was provided with a Bible and every individual with a prayer book. All had access to an entire series of the 'Penny Magazine' and other 'useful' books and there were stationery and school texts for the children. There were prayers every morning and every night and Divine Service every Sunday. All were kept busy during the week, the men making up wool bales and nets of twine, and the women stitching shirts and shifts from material already cut up for them. They were paid for this labour when they got to Camden, and allowed to keep two out of every seven shirts and one out of every four shifts. Robert Towns, captain of the 'Brothers', maintained that 'many of the families who embarked with a very scanty supply, wrought themselves in this way into an excellent stock of apparel'. Towns also helped with their moral condition, getting the men up at 6 o'clock to clean their berths, and preventing all swearing, gambling and consumption of spritis. A school was kept on board for the children and Fanny Weeks, a labourer's wife, took charge of it, a service for which she received 5 pounds on reaching New South Wales. This was all very expensive - the 'Royal George' was escpecially chartered at a cost of 2,000 pounds - and only part of the outlay could be claimed as bounty. The rest was to be made up by virtuous and industrious behaviour on Camden Park. Every man was bound to the Macarthurs for three years - five in the case of the Germans - but at a price he could shorten his term. During that period he was given 15 pounds a year with rations, and he, his wife and children had the choice of doing piece-work as well. Each family was provided with a cottage, usually built of good thick pise walls. The cottage had a kitchen, two bedrooms, a small pantry, a veranda and a quarter acre for a garden. Each was also allowed to keep a milking cow, pigs and poultry, 'on condition of their getting into no mischief'.

Arrivals per 'Brothers', 8 April 1837:-
Arnold Family of Child Okeford, Dorset, England
Bradley family of Sixpenny Handley, Dorset, England
Butt family of Winterborne Strickland, Dorset, England
Butt family of Winterborne Strickland, Dorset, England
Cox family of Farnham, Dorset, England
William Elliot from Farnham, Dorset, Farm Steward, aged 19, unmarried,
Gumbleton family From Bishopstone, Wiltshire.
Henry, labourer, 26
Jane (nee Oxford), 24
Caroline, 3
Emmeline (or Emma), 2
Henry's niece, Martha Gumbleton, aged 17, was also on this ship. She went to Taralga
New family from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset
Norris family from Child Okeford, Dorset
Smith family from Donhead St Mary, Wiltshire
Thorn family from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset
Vincen family from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset
Weeks family from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset Weeks family of Sixpenny Handley, Dorset
WEEKS from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset
Wright family of Berwick St John, Wiltshire, England

Arrivals per 'Kinnear', 23 April 1838:

Arrivals per 'John McLellan', 3 October 1838:-
Bugden family from Donhead St Mary, Wiltshire
Kelloway family from Tollard Royal, Wiltshire;
Loader family from (Woodlands?), Dorset
Penny family bounty immigrants for the Macarthurs. from Donhead St Mary, Wiltshire
Read family from Donhead St Mary, Wiltshire
Rideout family from Tollard Farnham, Dorset
Talbot family from Donhead St Mary, Wiltshire

Arrivals per 'Royal George', 10th March 1839:-
Apps family of Horsmonden, Kent, England
Barrett family of Tollard Royal, Wiltshire, England
Bishop family of Benenden, Kent, England
Booth family of Benenden, Kent, England
Clout family of Benenden, Kent, England
Davis family from Beckley, Sussex
Douch family from Sturminster, Dorset
Fuller family from Beckley, Sussex, England
Furnall family of Tisbury, Wiltshire, England

Isaac Green Bounty Immigrant, arrived per Royal George, 10 March 1839; came from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset; labourer, aged 22, unmarried. He apparently left Camden in March of 1840.

Hayter family from Tollard (Royal?), Wiltshire
The Hayters, a tenant family, also moved [from Camden]. Jeremiah Hayter had arrived at Camden in 1839, one of the immigrants of the Royal George, a humble sawyer. He did very well. When he left he announced his departure with an auction of his property in the village, a four-roomed brick cottage with detached kitchen on half an acre, which in fact took some time to sell. Having paid 180 pounds for it in 1862 he got 130 pounds in 1869. Hayter's farm, 103 acres on the best part of Camden Park, he left with his third son James, who was about to marry. Some 300 acres which he failed to sell at Mulgoa Forest became the home of his fourth son, Jesse. The eldest son, John, Had a family of his own, but he and the remaining 8 children went with their parents to their selection at Sutton Forest. For this new land Jeremiah must have paid about 400 pounds and soon John began to buy land beside it. Thus were three boys provided for.

Elias Ingram labourer, aged 21, from Donhead, Wiltshire; bounty immigrant; unmarried; for the Macarthurs of Camden Park.

Norris family Arr per Royal George, 10 Mar 1839 from Child Okeford, Dorset Percy family brought out by W S Macleay; apparently never at Camden. from Shillingstone, Dorset
Sanger family from Shillingstone, Dorset
Sheather family from Brede, Sussex
Sheather family from Beckley, Sussex
Shelock family from London
Thorn family from Sixpenny Handley, Dorset
Watman family from Biddenden, Kent
James Bayley, from Cuddington (Buckinghamshire?), aged 25
Abel Fennel, from Tisbury, Wiltshire, aged 20
Henry South, from London, aged 22
George William Trowbridge, from Tollard Royal, Wiltshire, aged 18 (brother of Selina Kelloway who came out on the 'John McLellan')
William Wenham, from Kent, aged 31


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